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Vigna radiata (mung bean)


Mungbean, native to the Indian subcontinent, is a member of the millettioid (warm-season legume) clade within the legume sub-family Papilionoideae. Many important legume food crop belong to this group including soybean, pigeonpea, cowpea and common bean. Mungbean is also cultivated in several other countries of Asia, Africa, South America and USA for a variety of food products including lentil soup and bean sprouts in salad bars. Like most legumes, mungbeans are relatively high in protein, around 25% of the seed by weight.

NCBI taxon157791
GRIN taxon41629

Major Pathogens

PathogenNCBI Taxon ID
mungbean yellow mosaic India virus223287
seedling rot pathogen, Rhizoctonia solani456999

Wikipedia entry

Genome Summary

Mungbean is diploid in nature with 2n=2x=22and a small genome size estimated to be 0.60 pg/1C (579 Mbp), which are similar to those of the other Vigna species (Somta & Srinives, 2007).

Chromosomes2n = 2x = 22
Genome size~579 Mbp (Mbp)

Somta P and Srinives P (2007) Genome Research in Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] and Blackgram [V. mungo (L.) Hepper]. ScienceAsia 33 Supplement 1: 69-74. doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2007.33(s1).069

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Chloroplast genome size151 (kbp)

Tangphatsornruang S, Sangsrakru D, Chanprasert J, Uthaipaisanwong P, Yoocha T, Jomchai N, Tragoonrung S. The chloroplast genome sequence of mungbean (Vigna radiata) determined by high-throughput pyrosequencing: structural organization and phylogenetic relationships. DNA Res. 2010 Feb;17(1):11-22.

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Chloroplast NCBI accession numberNC_013843
Mitochondria genome size401 (kbp)

Alverson AJ, Zhuo S, Rice DW, Sloan DB, Palmer JD. The mitochondrial genome of the legume Vigna radiata and the analysis of recombination across short mitochondrial repeats. PLoS One. 2011 Jan 20; 6(1): e16404.

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Mitochondria NCBI accession numberNC_015121


Reference Data

Selected References